Demographic and Socio-Economic Characteristics
Population Growth Trend. As of 2008, Mabini has a population of 30,587 (Mabini Socio-Economic Profile 2009) or an increase of 1,799 from its 2007 population. Since the 1970’s, the municipality has been posting a steady increase in population. But it was in 1975 and 2000 in which the municipality has experienced the highest growth rates at 3.23% and 3.06%, respectively. In particular, Mabini’s population growth rate of 3.06% in 2007 was much higher than the provincial growth rate of 2.9%. The barangays which posted the highest population increases for the period 2000 in which the municipality has experienced the highest growth rate at 3.23% and 3.06%, respectively . In particular, Mabini’s population growth rate of 3.06% in 2007 was much higher than the provincial growth rate of 2.92%. The barangays which posted the highest population increases for the period 2000-2007 include:
Paraiso (20%), San Isidro (20%), Del Mar (18%), Abad Santos (16%) and San Roque (14%).
Population Density. The population density of the municipality in 2008 was 2.92 persons per hectare. Barangay Bayabayon posted the highest population density at 7.7 persons per hectare followed by Barangay Poblacion 1 and Valaga at 7.22 and 5.48 per persons per hectare, respectively. Although Barangay Baybayon does not have the facilities as Poblacion 1, its rich fishing grounds which provide livelihood opportunities attract more people to settle in the area thus its high population density. The same trend is projected to continue with the expected completion of the fishport facilities currently being established in the are.
Population Sex-Age Structure. The ratio between male-female population of Mabini in 2008 is about the same (1.03 males: 1 female). The municipality has a relatively young population. The total population within the age group 1-19 years old constitutes 40% of the total population; 20-44 years old age group at 36%, 45-59 years at 13%; and senior citizens (60 years and above) at 11%.
Household Population and Size. Mabini has a total household population of 5,837 (Mabini MPDO, 2008) with an average household size of 5.28. Barangays San Roque, Abaca and Poblacion 2 have the most number of households at 538,494 and 351, respectively.
Education and Literacy. The municipality’s literacy rata is at 92.3% which is below the provincial literacy rate of 99% in 2009, the completion rate for elementary level was about 92% which was about the same for the ideal/national benchmark of 92-94%. The completion rate for secondary level however was at 54-64% which way below the ideal/national benchmark of 71-84% (Mabini LGPMS Assessment Results, 2009).
In sum, there are a total of 55 education-related facilities in Mabini consisting of 32 daycare centers/preschools; 18 elementary schools; and 5 high schools. The combined teaching work force of preschool, elementary and high school facilities is 227 teachers. There are 6 LGU-paid teachers in the high school levels.
The Teacher-students ratios for preschool, elementary and high school are as follows: 1:55, 1:33, and 1:28, respectively. In terms of classroom-students ratios, the figures are as follow: for primary level, 1:26: for elementary level, 1:39; and for high school level, 1:37.
Health and Sanitation. In 2008, deaths due to natural causes, pneumonia, sepsis, stroke and cancer were the five leading causes of mortality while upper respiratory tract infection was the foremost cause for morbidity. For the last five years though diarrhea tops the causes for morbidity. Malnutrition in varying degrees is a major concern among pre-school and school-age children in the municipality. Among 3,182 pre-school children assessed in 2008, 169 (5%) were found to be malnourished while 662 (15%) out of 4,384 of school-age children were also to be of the same condition. Barangays Tambo, Valaga, San Roque, Lungsodaan and Abaca registered the most numbers of malnourished among pre-schoolers. Barangay Aguipo, Paraiso, San Isidro, Tambo and San Jose likewise registered the most number among school-age children. Further, Paraiso also registered the lone 3rd degree case of malnourished child.
Only a little over 79% of the households in the municipality have sanitary toilet facilities (Mabini LGPMS Assessment Results, 2009) which is way below the ideal national benchmark percentage of 86%.
Housing and Household Convenience. There are a total of 6,020 dwelling units in the municipality of which 15% are made of durable/concrete materials; 48% made of mixed materials; and 37% made of light materials. A little over 1% of the households in Mabini are residing in makeshift housing units (Mabini LGPMS Assessment Results, 2009) of which the figures are subsumed under dwelling units made of light materials. The total number of households with electricity connection constitute 54% while those without is 46%.
In terms of secure tenure, 99% of the households owned the lot where their respective dwellings are erected while 1% has rental arrangement with the lot owner. There are 224 dwelling units however which are contructed inside government-owned land such as those constructed within forestlands in the uplands and in the coastal areas.
Occupation. In terms of occupation, the following are the prevailing lines of work/competency: farmers (66%), fishermen (15%), carpenters (5%), businessmen/entrepreneurs (3%), engineers (1%), teachers (4%), and overseas Filipino workers (7%).
Agriculture and Fishery. Seventy-one percent (71%) or approximately 7,474 hectares of Mabini’s total land area is devoted to agriculture. Of this, 36% is utilized as crop production area while the rest is considered as potential crop production area. In the crop production areas, coconut and rice are the two major crops grown utilizing approximately 76%. The rest are utilized for the production of corn, root crops, vegetables, fruit trees and other minor crops. Rice produce comprise the bulk of total crop production in Mabini at 4,862 metric tons followed by root crops (1,745 MT) and coconuts (1,506 MT).
Sports and Recreation. Basketball is the most preferred type of sport in the municipality particularly among the younger constituents. Each of the 22 barangays in Mabini has its own basketball court. The basketball courts are utilized for cultural and seasonal economic activities. Aside from these basketball courts, the municipal also has 4 lawn tennis courts, 16 billiard pool facilities and 1 cockpit for cockfighting/gamefowl aficionados.
Social Welfare. As of 2009, the municipality has 32 registered NGOs/social welfare services organizations. Mabini’s total number of senior citizens is 1,706 while recorded number of persons with disabilities is 226. The total number of households considered as indigents is 584 or 10% of the municipality’s total household population of 5,837.
Trade, Commerce and Industry. There are 386 registered commercial establishments in the municipality as of May 2009. Majority (80%) of these establishment are small sari-sari stores. Other commercial establishments include 49 public market blocks, 9 hardware and construction supply enterprises, 4 electronic shops, 9 welding shops, 3 automotive shops, and 5 furniture shops.
Infrastructure and Utilities.
 Road Network. The total length of the municipality’s road network is almost 113 kilometers. The type and corresponding length of this road network are as follows: provincial road (46.5 km), municipal road (3.5 km) and barangay road (approx. 63 km). Majority of these roads stretches (56%) are paved with gravel. At present, Mabini has 11 existing bridges of which 10 are maintained by the provincial government.
 Power. The municipality’s increasing population has consequently brought a steady increase in electricity demand. The Bohol Electric Cooperative II (BOHECO II) provides the electricity needs of Mabini. All of the 22 barangays within the municipality already have electricity connection brought about by the implementation of BOHECO II’s barangay electrification program. As of 2008, the total number of connections in Mabini is 2,921 of which majority is classified as domestics users.
 Water. The total number of households with level 1 access to water like shallow and artersian wells including open dug wells is 1,249 while households with level 2 or communal faucet access is 1,630. Households with level 3 access number 1,835.
There are two existing irrigation facilities in the municipality. These located in barangays San Jose and San Rafael. There is also an ongoing construction of another irrigation facility in Barangay Abaca with a target coverage area of 600 hectares.
 Communication. The municipality has the following communication facilities: [a] landline served on telephone/telefax connection provided for by Globe Telecom, Inc.; [b] mobile phone access provide by three of the biggest companies in the country namely Globe Telecon, Inc., Smart Communications and Sun Digital; [c] postal services still provided for Philippine Postal Corp; [d] internet access currently provided only by Globe Telecom, Inc.; and the [e] courier services of LBC Group.